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Conventional offshore pipeline installation methods have become more difficult because of the growing demand for bigger diameter pipelines with longer installation runs, deeper water depths and greater bottom-hole pressures. Therefore, there is a need to develop unconventional methods in order to allow its use in deeper waters.

The HDD method was developed by the geotechnical engineers for installation of the pipeline in place of conventional methods by using an open-trench excavation method. 

A number of research studies have shown that it is more environmentally-friendly compared to conventional open-trench methods. This is due to the fact that HDD method can be designed in a way which limits environmental impact during pipeline installation process by using specialised drilling fluids and minimising damage to surface.

Horizontal directional drilling is also gradually being used for installation of offshore pipelines. Researchers have identified that the environmental risks associated with HDD pipeline installation are low compared to other open-trench methods. It has been also noted that soil conditions can affect the outcome of this type of installation technique and site specific evaluation needs to be carried out before design of HDD method is finalised.

What are the Advantages of the HDD Method?

The horizontal directional drilling method allows for installation of pipelines in environmentally sensitive areas where the soil conditions are unstable. This method requires that the soil conditions are stable enough to support the pipeline wall against pressure by means of bearing on the bottom of the trench. 

It also makes it possible to install pipelines under bodies of water or marshland, where traditional installation methods would be impossible because long conventional open-trench crossings require that the trench needs to be empty before excavation. With this conventional method, crossings cannot be dug through water or marshland because the trench will immediately fill up with water and construction of crossing will turn into a major engineering project. 

HDD allows for installation of pipelines in environmentally sensitive areas where the soil conditions could not support heavy machinery involved in conventional methods.

Moreover, this method is the most promising technology for installing pipelines in deep, soft soils especially when there are environmental concerns. However, it may become more challenging with increasing depth and longer crossing because of the complicated geotechnical engineering problems. 

HDD design has to be carried out by taking into account various factors affecting pipe stability during installation. This includes soil properties, fluid pressure in the trench, potential caving or burying of the pipe

A typical HDD installation is done by excavating a trench in the seabed, laying the pipe inside the trench and filling up the hole with backfill material. The design criteria for  horizontal directional drilling method include proper site evaluation, covering soil conditions, depth of water, current flow, selection of pipe and backfill materials, and pipe installation.

What About Risks?

The main issues that need to be considered in HDD design include: soil properties, pipe sticking during installation, caving or burying of the trench walls, leakage from broken pipes and fluid pressure inside the trench. The geotechnical engineering challenges include accurate evaluation of soil strata stability such as sedimentary sequence, water content, geotechnical investigation to determine soil strata properties which are contained in the final design.

During drilling of the hole into the seabed, piping can get stuck if they are not rigid enough or large enough. Also when the pipe is installed in partially fluid-saturated ground it may collapse due to liquefaction, which means that the material loses its strength and behaves like a fluid. This can be prevented by adopting appropriate excavation and grouting procedures which ensure that the soil is sound enough to support pipe walls without problem.

Broken or damaged pipelines during HDD installation result not only in damage of pipes but also can contaminate ground water with oil and other chemicals, which can harm the environment. This risk can be minimised by adopting appropriate construction procedures which ensure that the pipe is properly supported during drilling and grouting phases.

As fluids inside HDD pipes are under pressure it may cause leakage into surrounding soils. If there are any defects in the welds or other structural parts of tubing this may result in breakage. This can be prevented by adhering to the construction specification and obeying the pressure limitations.

The main purpose of HDD is to reduce environmental impact during pipeline installation process. However, in some cases HDD may damage the environment due to unknown soil conditions which are not discovered until excavation starts. If there are any hazardous materials hidden under the ground there is high risk of contamination.

If the installation process goes wrong or if drilling fluid enters into ground water then this will contaminate the surrounding ecosystem due to oil spillage. If the pipe fails during operation then leakage may occur which can be hazardous for aquatic life and other forms of marine life. It has been recommended that HDD methods be used when conventional open-trench methods are not feasible.

https://www.boretherockies.com/2018/09/12/advantages-using-horizontal-directional-drilling-for-utility-placement/

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/267607371_Pipeline_Shore_Approach_Installation_by_Horizontal_Directional_Drilling

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/313545963_Project_for_Offshore_Horizontal_Directional_Drilling_HDD_for_Pipeline_Crossing_in_Bukit_Tua_Indonesia

The world of advertising in recent years has been changing rapidly. Consumers are becoming more aware of the practices used by companies, so it is no longer enough to show a beautiful woman or man using specific products. The goal of every advertising agency is, at least in part, to influence consumer behaviour so that they can get people’s attention through any means possible.

One of the most interesting ways to do so is virtual reality (VR), which has been around for years but didn’t see much use until recently when it became more widely available to the public.

What is Virtual Reality?

It is a computer-generated simulation of an environment, or a situation, that simulates a user’s physical presence in that world. When the simulation is convincing enough, users are immersed into it to such an extent that they feel and believe they are actually in it.

VR offers the unique opportunity for advertisers to place customers directly into their productsto really show them what’s on offer. For example, using technology like 360° videos, users are able to look in any direction they please experiencing each moment with total awareness.

As the user continues to interact with the virtual environment, they are presented with different ads that are specifically targeted to their preferences.

Virtual Reality and Its Effect on Targeted Advertising

I think we can all agree that ads are an inevitable part of our society. But what if there was a way they could be more than just invasive and annoying? What if we could actually look forward to watching advertisements?

Well, there’s good news: with the evolution of virtual reality, this is becoming a possibility.

The most valuable aspect of virtual reality to any advertising agency is that it allows them to focus on their target market like never before.

For example, in the past, when shopping online for a new pair of shoes, you might have searched for “shoes” on your favourite online retailer. On the website, there are numerous products available, with large images showing off each individual shoe. However, you find yourself wondering if someone who is more of an outdoor clothing fan than a fashionista would prefer this certain shoe even though it is one of your favourite pairs.

In the past, you would have to take a chance on this purchase, but with virtual reality, advertisers can now use targeted ads that will appeal to those searching for outdoor gear rather than those relishing in the latest catwalk trend. This is just one example of how virtual reality is going to allow advertisers to hyper-target their audience.

Here’s how virtual reality can be used to make your next advertisement more interesting and engaging:

  1. Get customers involved with interactive content.

Buildings, products, and people are all interesting, but there’s nothing like immersing a customer in an experience that they can truly immerse themselves in. VR advertising can be interactive, allowing the user to explore and learn more about a product or service on their own terms.

  1. Make your advertisement memorable through an emotional experience.

There’s nothing like making someone laugh or cry to leave an impression on them. That’s why you should give people an experience that they will never forget with the power of VR. This could be anything from an incredible action scene to an emotional roller coaster ride, depending on what you’re selling.

  1. Make your advertisement relatable through a personalized experience.

Many people will relate easily to something if it seems like it was created specifically for them. For example, one of the most popular games at the moment, Pokemon Go!, allows players to design their own avatars and play as themselves in the game. The player is, therefore, able to create a more personalized experience.

The same concept can be applied to advertisements as well (especially those on trade shows). People like seeing things that remind them of themselves, so make your VR advertisement relatable by allowing people to create their own version of it.

  1. Give people a preview of what’s to come.

You don’t have to go all out with your VR advertising for people to be impressed by it. You can include teasers or previews at the end of regular advertisements, which will make your customers want to try out the full-length version even more.

  1. Bring your advertisement to life.

One of the unique aspects of VR is its ability to place people in a completely new world that they can experience with all five senses. While advertisements are usually flat and only involve the visual sense, VR elevates them into something more immersive that can be truly thrilling for those watching it unfold right before their eyes.

Takeaway

Marketers are using virtual reality to increase awareness, enhance bottom lines and radically change the way people are targeted. Its potential for financial profit has made it an important topic of discussion among brand managers, marketers, advertising agencies, and consumer psychologists around the world.

Given that it’s still in its very early stages, ways to successfully implement VR into marketing campaigns are under much debate. What is clear is that the potential for VR to be used as an advertising medium has the power to revolutionize the world of advertising once it is fully realized.

There are lots of stores and enterprises that acquire a workforce in their daily operations. Some even got thousands of them locally and internationally. Thus, to have a proper way of giving them the benefits they need, they need to have an established system for their work, including having a payroll. But did you know how vital payroll for your companies is? Discussion is along the way.

What Exactly Is Payroll?

Any business with higher than a few employees is required to have a payroll system in place. Paying workers timely and regularly has a positive effect on their satisfaction, but it also shows well on their financial health. It is very beneficial for workers to have payroll software in their businesses and adhere to some policies such as the CIS payroll. 

Furthermore, it is a necessity for complying with state and federal rules and regulations. 

The payroll administration process refers to treating an employee’s financial information, which includes the management of compensation, salaries, gratuities, write-offs, net pay, and the administration of other financial records. The employer is responsible for maintaining and retaining these data following federal regulations and for the employees’ benefit.

Importance Of Having a Systematic Payroll Approach

Many companies implement their way of conducting a sound system internally, especially those complying with the CIS Payroll.  Like the said scheme, CIS Payroll establishes the standards that contractors must follow regarding how they pay their subcontractors for the job they are doing. This is one example also of how computation differs from many industries.

Computing payroll may seem to be as simple as adding up the number of hours worked and multiplying the result by the employee’s hourly rate. Considering variables like the holiday season, overtime pay, perks, or other additional expenses makes it more complex. Furthermore, the federal taxes, as well as their regulations, must be applied to every paycheck. To be successful in the company, the accounting department must implement payroll software.

In manual payroll processing, automated systems that invest in payroll software may have a strong possibility of reducing labor costs while also eliminating mistakes and avoiding compliance problems because the automation itself should minimize human error. 

Processes may be performed in a fraction of the time, freeing up workers’ time to engage in more conducive tasks to produce a beneficial impact on the company, focusing on the long payroll process. 

This new technique Makes it more straightforward for a business to adjust and hire additional workers as it expands another benefit of having a payroll system.

Therefore, companies that really are smaller and therefore do not anticipate fast growth may find it more cost-effective to enroll in the less costly payroll software. That is, there are quite limitations to just payroll-related tasks. On the other hand, firms experiencing fast growth are looking for payroll software solutions that can connect with other planning and human resource management areas. It is also critical to examine the number of workers that a payroll software system can accommodate and factor in.

So, you have decided to start a business. Have you ever considered starting a business using an aged shelf company? An aged shelf company is an aged corporation that has more credibility than a brand-new corporation due to its history of longevity. It is kept on the shelf to age and is dormant without any credit history whatsoever. 

If you are wondering how to start a business using an aged shelf company, do not worry. We have got you covered to help you with your business. 

Choose a business type. 

If you are incorporating in the US, you might have known about four main types of companies. These are Partnership, S-Company or C-Company, Sole Proprietorship, and Limited liability company or LLC. To minimize the risk of involving personal assets with your business we recommend that you go for an LLC. It has a very flexible structure.

Decide on a state to incorporate 

Every state has different business laws, and you need to find a state that suits your business’s needs and wants. Wyoming is a popular choice among business owners due to its business-friendly nature. Especially if you are a non-resident, and you plan to operate your business outside the U.S, then Wyoming is your best option. Although it is suggested that you incorporate your business in your home state, you can always incorporate it in other business-friendly states by hiring a registered agent to receive important documents.

Get your shelf company

You need to find out how old you need your company to be. Remember the older the company is, the more credible it is in front of investors. Older shelf companies are also more expensive but worth the investment. Make sure that the shelf company is clean and has no financial records. 

Purchase and sign the transfer agreement

Now that you have found your shelf company, you can negotiate with your supplier. Once purchased, you will have to sign the transfer agreement. Sign the contract of sale so that the shares of the company get transferred to you and also register yourself as the director. 

Change the business name and registered address

You need to come with an eye-catching unique name for your business company or stick to the name you received the shelf company with. You will also have to change the registered office address of the shelf company after purchase. Make sure that you do not skip this important step, or you can get charged for using someone else’s address.

Start looking for funds

Shelf Corp Giant’s funding roadmap will help you understand what can and can’t be done with shelf corporations. With their funding roadmap, you will be able to ready the company to acquire funds and approach investors. 

To conclude, starting a business can be very difficult, but an aged shelf company can ease this process. If you are unaware of how a shelf company works, then you needn’t worry. Shelf Corp Giant can help you with your shelf corporation with its various programs. Contact us for assistance today!

A company’s culture is crucial for many businesses. It integrates employees’ engagement through different elements including, management, values, and work environment. But, to make it work, a core department is needed. – a payroll.

The payroll department is a central contributor to the brand’s success. It manages the financial stability and productivity of the business while maintaining its reputation. Typically, their role was to encourage a healthy attitude and work ethics by offering help to address the employee’s needs and focusing on giving resolutions to meet the company’s values. 

A payroll team function was to give proper benefits and compensation for employees’ work performance. Once it caters to worker’s concerns, it results in a positive work-life balance.

Because the goal of each corporation was to retain its valuable employees, the need for payroll solutions that regulate the employee’s paycheck and compensation is essential. From the taxes to other benefits, it ensures the correct salary compliance for the worker’s performance. So, to motivate their work engagement, a qualified payroll team is required.

Payroll management systems reasons to use | Finance Bureau

A company that promotes work-life balance through a set of programs and benefits attracts employees. But a trusted payroll department that secures and administers their needs offers satisfaction that can lead to efficient work completion. 

For businesses to utilize a positive culture in their workplace, a kind of payroll team is needed. There are ways to know the importance of payroll on the company’s culture. One of these is their contribution to its reputation. 

A payroll department that manages to maintain and submits important documents in time without any questionable activity compliance secures the company’s reputation. By ensuring that any payroll process has no mistakes, the prevention of any problems that can affect the relationship of stakeholders and staff will reduce.

Meanwhile, a good payroll team that encourages employees’ progression by providing monetary recognition and benefits is a practice that enhances a positive culture and builds determination for workers. Their improved skill will later result in promotion which can bring competence and growth to the company. 

Also, a reliable payroll team that consistently pays employees on time with a correct salary motivates them to work efficiently. With this, work engagement and compliance with the company’s culture will increase.

A laborer’s trust and confidence to address their queries are important to strengthen the corporate value.  Thus, a good payroll that can communicate well to help worker’s needs can bring a positive impression. 

Indeed, businesses with flexible payroll teams can provide worker compensation Fort Myers FL. However, with payroll software, employees can easily access their previous and current payslips information. This process will minimize the need for daily fill-in of slips while increasing the time savings, management, and reporting. 

Once businesses utilize payroll software that offers mobile app access to the employees’ paycheck, they will know their target-based bonuses and benefits that are to receive in line with their work efforts. 

Payroll teams are essential for the building of positive culture. Without them, companies will be subject to minimal work involvement or employee’s early resignment. 

So, if you are thinking of investing in a business payroll, We at Entrust Payroll Solutions can offer support services for your needs. Contact our customer team today at (239)-208-8788.

 

It is an internet lending Fin Tech platform in India that gives debtors immediately, bendy coins loans with no need any annoying office work and safety. We assist debtors avail coins loans and strengthen income loans in a simple, short and bendy way.

From a borrower’s perspective, what’s the complete system at this?

  1. A Simple One-Time Registration: The registration is absolutely on line from beginning to finish. You want to finish this to end up an authorized borrower. 
  2. Quick Verification/Approval: We examine you primarily based totally on your Personal – Professional Credibility and your Social Credibility.
  3. Instant Fund Transfer: Once you sign up as an authorized borrower, you could avail coins loans immediately, one click as well as it will give 24*7 and with no need for any similar verification, document etc.

Loan characteristics

  • Once you request a mortgage, their groups strives its exceptional to switch cash in your financial institution account immediately. 
  • The loans are extraordinarily bendy, there aren’t any hidden costs. 
  • Interest as well as fees is calculated on a day by day basis. 
  • You can login in your account and beneath Repay Loan; you could see the superb until date. So, you simply pay for what you use. 
  • There aren’t any pre-closure fees. 
  • The most reimbursement length is 30 days. The quicker you pay off, the lesser the Interest as well as Fees. 
  • There isn’t any component reimbursement. There isn’t any mortgage extension.
  • You simply determine on precisely how much cash you want. How lengthy do you want is simplest in your reference on the subject of how the Interest as well as all the fees varies because the reimbursement date varies?

When can I pay off the mortgage?

You can pay off the mortgage any time earlier than the most reimbursement due date. The quicker you pay off, the lesser the Interest as well as Fees. You can login in your account and beneath repay the loan you could see the superb until date. You can get more information about quick credit money lender.

Are there any pre-closure fees?

No, there aren’t any pre-closure fees. All those fees are noted in advance and there aren’t any hidden fees.

Can I observe for more than one loan?

You can observe for more than one loan till your current eligibility limit is exhausted. You can see your current eligibility limit when you login in your account beneath home.

Should I start investing in mutual funds? How do I know if it will be beneficial for me in the long run? Before investing, is there any way where I can get a roadmap of my investments? There are too many questions to address.  So let’s dive into the reasons why investing in mutual funds serves to be beneficial and also answers the questions above.

  1. Generating wealth for the future:
    You. Me. Every one of us has been given an earful on saving a dime for the future. So why not do it the right way? Mutual funds are favourable tools to start the onset of investing. When you begin to invest in mutual funds from an early age, you can literally end up with a bigger corpus. At an early age, you can afford to take higher or aggressive risks depending on your own risk tolerance levels. Hence you can pile up bigger investments to equity funds. Eventually, bigger slices of your savings can actually go into wealthy assets!

  2. Financial discipline:

Filling up the coin jar or rolling in notes into the savings box is just not enough to stabilize financial discipline. With mutual funds, you can invest in small amounts. SIP is the tool which comes in handy in building a habit of regular investing. You can invest as small as ₹100 and eventually help you come into a disciplinary habit for future savings. 

  1. The rise in risk appetite:
    They say an investor must risk as per his appetite. Bearing in mind the risk tolerance and the financial stability, one can realise which funds suit them best. One can always modify their plan of action and experiment for better return opportunities.
     
  2. Save some taxes: Today getting taxed on everything is common. You are taxed on your savings in fixed bank deposits, mutual funds, stocks and more. However mutual investment can help you save upto 1.5 lakh rupees under section 80C in the taxes by an equity-linked saving scheme or ELSS.

  3. Transparency: SEBI guidelines have made the investors distinguish the risk levels of all the mutual funds’ products. This helps investors understand the safety and risk involved before investing. Colour coding is helping to understand the risk levels. For example, the colour blue indicates low risk, yellow suggests medium risk and brown becomes the code for volatile and aggressive schemes.

  4. SIP calculator:
     How can a SIP calculator help you with investments? A SIP calculator can give investors a good idea of the potential capital gains from their mutual fund investments made via a Systematic Investment Plan.Your monthly funding, along with your interaction rate is calculated to give you the estimated amount of returns for any particular tenure.

There are many other benefits of investing in mutual funds. You can start small to save big. Mutual funds help you keep an even uniformity of financial discipline and stability. Moreover, it’s an easy and convenient way to start your investment journey.

Nottingham may not be among the places most people would think of when asked about expensive properties. But there are definitely areas away from the city centre where family houses can be had for five figures. Prices have risen quite steeply in the last few months, perhaps as people with properties to sell somewhere else have relocated to places which have more space for their money. These houses are places to put down roots, to raise families and pets, nurture business dreams and spend a long retirement enjoying.

5. Beeston – NG9

Close to the top of the list for the last few years has been property in the NG9 postcode area. The most expensive houses here have recently sold for over £1.35 million and the prices are still rising. It’s currently outshone by other places in the county, but still has plenty of property to choose from. Some of the houses either back on to or are close to Beeston Fields Golf Club, which will inevitably make them more expensive, as they are less likely to see development close by.

4. Retford – DN22

There is a selection of large houses for sale in Retford, available for between £1.2 million and £1.5 million. Some of the period properties in this area would be suitable for multi-generational living or home businesses, as they feature fully contained annexes which can be independently accessed without having to go through the main house.

3. Ruddington – NG11

5 or 6 bedroom detached houses with electric gates and large gardens are the norm here. The owners’ house can indeed be their castle, their sanctuary and their bolthole as long as they can rustle up £1.5 million or more. These are family homes, which often stay in the same hands for decades, and are therefore highly prized when they do come to market.

2. Papplewick, Ravenshead, Linby – NG15

Houses here regularly start at £1.1 million and can rise to £1.7 million. Many of these older houses are investment properties for long term family ownership, with multiple bedrooms and large gardens plus plenty of space for home businesses and growing families.

1. Edwalton, Plumtree, Widmerpool, Tollerton – NG12

If you want to live somewhere exclusive in Nottinghamshire, the NG12 postcode is currently that place. Four of the most expensive locations to own property in the county fall within the NG12 area. Prices for family homes start at £1.1 million, and Edwalton recently saw the sale of a property for cash for almost £1.25 million which was on the market for the first time in five decades. Several streets in this premier location can command similar price tags, however, so it’s more of a trend than a one-off. Architect-designed property can sell for several million here though, especially when the location has countryside views and where the house comes with extras such as onsite leisure facilities, home office and multi-car garage space.

For anyone looking to make working from home a permanent option, a large house near Nottingham could be a possible choice. Many villages and estates are within easy reach of main line train stations, and the large detached homes are designed to accommodate families and all their changing needs through the decades.

As a recent scandal has revealed, hidden cameras and covert security can be used for all sorts of applications. One of which is monitoring problem individuals within organisations and other good business directory companies.

As a business, it is perfectly reasonable to protect company property and monitor health and safety issues used by CCTV cameras. It is, however, quite a controversial issue, as there exist security and privacy concerns about individual’s rights. If companies want to properly use hidden security cameras, it must be conducted in a certain way. This article should give you some guidance on that.

If you require immediate help with this subject, you can further research by going straight to covert security specialists.

Can cameras be used within the workplace?

The answer here is yes, CCTV can be used throughout the property. However, employees should be told about this and you should inform the reasons for doing so also.

As such, you should have a clear policy written out for all to see. This will delineate your CCTV monitoring activities.

Reasons for monitoring include security, health and safety, maintaining businesses best interests and assessing productivity. It can also ensure that laws and regulations are being properly met.

Risks

Despite these laws and rights, you should also be aware of the risks.

Data protection act has principles one must abide by, these are:

  1. Lawfulness, transparency and fairness
  2. Limitation of purpose
  3. Minimisation of data
  4. Limitation of storage
  5. Confidentiality and integrity.
  6. You must abide by the Human Rights Act 1998.
  7. You must abide by the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000/2016
  8. Abide by the Telecommunications Regulations 2000

There is also an implied legal obligation pertaining to trust and confidence, you must act in ways that are both reasonable and fair.

Hidden cameras

These are allowed in the workplace as long as there is a good reason. If you want to monitor employees in secret then you will need a legitimate reason to do so, this includes criminal activities or malpractice. Convert security cameras in the workplace can only be used in part of an investigation – as soon as it is finished you must stop immediately.

This can be only sanctioned by a senior member of management, and a full assessment should be carried out.

Only a limited number of employees can be involved in the investigation. You should be aware that recording can sometimes reveal other forms of misconduct – however, you cannot use it as evidence against the person or issue who is not being investigated.

Policy

A policy is going to be the thing that guides you through this process. You must first carry out an impact assessment that outlines the reason for CCTV requirements. This will consider all of the advantages and disadvantages of its usage, as well as the obligations you may have to the workforce. This means you will need to tell staff about security camera measures and why you are using them. You must manage the data you record, and you should also offer subject access requests to staff members you can then determine if the request is justified.

You should explain how all data will be used. You should also document how data should be stored in regards to GDPR and the Data Protection Act 1998. Security staff and managers should be trained in their responsibility to employee confidentiality.

Testing is one of the most crucial steps in product development. Whether you are building a mobile app or a tangible product, you need to test it out before releasing it to the market. The best industrial design companies never leave this phase out; in fact, they will insist that you take part of the testing procedures so that you can see how your product is transforming from concept to actual material.

A lot of clients usually ask to skip the product testing phase. It is mainly because testing consumes time and money, and realizing flaws may mean going back to the building stage.

Product testing offers a lot of benefits to your business. These include:

1. Design issues are identified and addressed.

Testing does more than just look for flaws; they are studied and addressed in the best ways possible. During this phase in product development, the product undergoes a series of examinations where its different aspects are put under scrutiny. There are tests for build and material, tests to check functionality (mechanical, electrical, network, etc.)

The ultimate goal of testing is to see whether the product being developed is able to deliver its promise of changing the way people address the problem it is trying to solve. If you conceptualized the product, you have based it under a lingering issue that no other product or procedure has addressed yet. It is through testing you can confirm whether or not your hypothesis is correct. If not, then you and the  best industrial design company you are working with can come up with other solutions to achieve this goal.

2. You have to gauge user acceptance.

You may have built the “perfect” product that solves the problems you are aiming to address, but it can be too complicated for the common man to use. This is where user acceptance testing comes in, and this part of the testing process is important as well.

Users see products from a different lens. As the creator of the product, you know its ins and outs, pros and cons, features and flaws. More importantly, you know how to make the product work. However, from a user’s point of view, that’s not the case.

Users are only interested in how the product can deliver results. They look at a product based on its functions and outputs, not how it works from the inside. When the product proves to be difficult to manage by its target users, then it would not be used at all.

You have to understand how your market uses your product. By means of product testing, you can get their feedback and apply these tweaks before releasing the product’s final version to the market.

3. Testing reduces product development time.

In any business, time is money. Time is likewise money in product development. Sure, skipping time for testing allows you to release your product to the market right away. However, what if flaws are immediately identified by your users? You may start receiving customer complaints to the point that you have to recall your product and bring it back to the development stage. It would only result in consuming not just time, but more money too.

The testing stage helps reduce the time spent on product development, since issues are found and addressed way before it hits the market. A flawed product may not only lose you customers; it may damage your brand’s overall reputation as well.